Homeschool Project - Roman Empire

Map 1

338 BC

338BC : Beginning of a Republic

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It was in 510 BC that Rome became a republic, after an uprising of the aristocracy forced the Etruscan king Tarquinius Superbus to flee from the city. However, Tarquinius called upon another Etruscan ruler for aid, Lars Porsenna, who soon sieged and recaptured the defiant city. During this time however, a number of other Latin cities had rebelled against their Etruscan rulers. Their combined armies struck a blow against Porsenna's forces, prompting him to flee and retreat his garrison back to Etruria. Rome became independent and rapidly grew to become the strongest force in Latium. Rome's audacious assumption of
representing the interests of all the Latin cities in it's treaty with Carthage prompted a war with the Latin League, an alliance of the other cities within Latium. The same Latin League army that had defeated Porsenna was sent against the forces of Rome in 496 BC, and Rome was victorious. A treaty was signed in 493 BC, proving Rome's strength over the rest of Latium.

Rome waged war with local tribes and it's old enemies in Etruria for years, gaining a large amount of land in it's frequent victories. However, a new enemy from the north soon appeared in the form of the Gauls. The Celtic barbarians arrived with a whirlwind of force, weakening Etruria and allowing Rome to conquer Veii around 396 BC. The barbarians soon went even further, sacking the lands of Rome around 390 BC, only being repelled by the defenses of the capitol city itself. Rome's other enemies, including some of it's old allied cities,  took the opportunity of it's weakened state to take dominance of Latium. They were defeated by Rome however, which took even more land under it's influence including Tusculum, the Latin League's chief city, in 380 BC. Rome held it's position as the power of Latium until 343 BC, when it waged a war against the invading Samnites from the east. Within two years a peace agreement was reached with the Samnites while Rome's Latin allies revolted against it. The Latin War lasted another two years, ending with a Roman victory in 338 BC and the dissolution of the Latin League. The territories of the League were split and put under varying extents of Roman rule.

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Original Web Upload November 2002
Last Update: November 20, 2002