Homeschool Project - Roman Empire

Map 9

79 AD

79AD : Vespasian

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Later in the year 9 AD however, the campaign in Germania suffered a major blow. Three of the 28 legions were annihilated in the German forests of Tutoburger by the woodland tactics of a German tribe. Augustus pulled the armies back to the Rhine, realizing that the Germans would not be conquered so easily. in 14 AD Augustus died, leaving the empire in the hands of his son, Tiberius. Tiberius had little effect on the Roman territories, although a number of victories against the Germans were acquired by Germanicus, general of the Rhine armies. Tiberius died in 37 AD, leaving the empire to Germanicus' third son, Caligula. Caligula apparently went mad after recovering from a terrible sickness, and proved to be a nightmare for the people of Rome. He was assassinated in 41 and was replaced by Claudius, his uncle. Claudius' single military achievement was the capture of southern Britain. He landed in Britain in 43 AD, and had the countryside subdued the next year after a number of grand victories.

Claudius was poisoned by his wife in 54 AD, and his mad adoptive son Nero took the throne. Nero killed himself in 68 AD after much of the empire revolted against his rule. With Nero's death, no decedents of Caesar or Octavian were left to take control. The empire was thrown into another civil war as Galba, governor of Spain and friend of the praetorian prefect, was put into power in 68 AD. His soldiers revolted however, and transferred their allegiance to Otho, the governor of Lusitania. He killed Galba and took the title of Caesar in 69 AD. However, the armies of Aulus Vitellius on the Rhine believed their general to be a better fit for the throne. After Galba's troops lost to Vitellius on the field of battle, Galba committed suicide and Vitellius was named emperor. Only one more battle was left to be fought, this time between Vitellius and Titus Flavius Vespasianus, a general popular in Egypt and Syria. Vespasian's army marched on Rome, Vitellius was killed and Vespasian took power upon his arrival in Rome in 70 AD. Titus, Vespasian's son, took Jerusalem that year while similar victories were achieved in the southwest and center of Britain. Vespasian died in 79 AD, and the Flavian dynasty was continued on by Titus.

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Original Web Upload November 2002
Last Update: December 22, 2002