Homeschool Project - Roman Empire

Map 10

116 AD

116AD : Height of the Empire

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Titus died in 81 AD, after a short yet prosperous two year reign. The empire was left to his brother, Domitian. Domitian, another emperor whose madness was revealed when given power, had little conquest or success to his name when he was assassinated in 96 AD. The only achievement during his reign was that of the governor of Britain, who succeeded in a number of expeditions further north. Upon Domitian's death however, a time of prosperity and greatness came over the empire. 96 AD marked the ascension of Marcus Nerva, as well as the start of "The Five Good Emperors". Each of these five emperors achieved power based on their success and skill, rather than by blood.

Nerva died two years later in 98 AD, choosing as an heir the commander of the Rhine, Marcus Ulpius Trajanus. Trajan was a soldier at heart, as was proven by the grand expanse of land he conquered during his time as emperor. Trajan was the first emperor since Augustus to actively attempt to expand the empire. in 101 AD he waged campaigns across the Danube and into the kingdom of Dacia, which had been raiding Roman lands. A peace settlement was made in 103 AD, but after Dacia's treachery another war was waged. The kingdom was annihilated in 104 AD, and the land fully resettled by 106 AD. In 114 AD he began campaigns against the Parthian Empire in the east, Rome's long time rival, after Parthia claimed control over Armenia. Rome marched into and annexed all of Armenia that year, giving the empire access to the Caspian Sea. Trajan then battled through Mesopotamia, south of Armenia, for the next two years and captured land all the way to the Persian Gulf by 116 AD. This was the greatest extent of territory the Roman Empire would ever have.

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Original Web Upload November 2002
Last Update: December 22, 2002