Homeschool Project - Roman Empire

Map 12

192 AD

192AD : End of the Adoptive Emperors

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Hadrian died in 138 AD, leaving the empire to Titus Aurelius Fulvus Boionius Arrius Antoninus, later known as Antoninus Pius. Antoninus proved to be a strong and just leader, responsible for many improvements within the city of Rome and it's territories, although he achieved relatively few military accomplishments. What he did accomplish was the enlargement and strengthening of Upper Germany, as well as the construction of the "Antonine Wall", a fortified turf wall some distance north of Hadrian's Wall. This wall was abandoned around 165 AD however, four years after Antoninus' peaceful death in 161 AD.

Marcus Annius Verus, better known as Marcus Aurelius, received the empire, and was destined to see more battle than his predecessor had. In 162 AD Parthia once again attempted to claim control over Armenia, and Marcus was forced to intervene. In 166 Parthia's armies finally succumbed to the Romans, and Parthia surrendered it's claims to Armenia and Mesopotamia. With this victory, Rome once again withdrew from Mesopotamia. That same year the Germanic tribes north of the Danube began to revolt against Rome. Marcus Aurelius, as well as his co-ruler Lucius Ceionius Commodus, brought troops to the region in 167 AD. Although the emperors were able to leave the front the next year, the war their raged on until 175 AD, the year Lucius died. The lands gained from these wars against the Quadi and Marcomanni were withdrawn from once again in 180 AD.

Marcus Aurelius died that year, leaving the empire to his son Marcus Aurelius Commodus Antoninus. Commodus was the death of the relative peace and prosperity the Empire had been achieving. He was only 19 when he gained the title of Emperor, and his lack of wisdom and discipline were crushing blows to the empire. He made peace with the barbarians to the north, revealing the loss of Rome's legendary strength and discipline. He then retreated to Rome and succumbed to a lifestyle much like Nero's had been. Commodus was killed in 192 AD, leaving the empire vulnerable to the civil wars that had ravaged it in the past.

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Original Web Upload November 2002
Last Update: December 22, 2002