Charles Lindbergh Report
final copy: June 10, 1999
I wrote this report when I was in 5th grade. Please read and enjoy it.
If you are using it for a college paper, you shouldn't be in college.
Get thee to a library.
Other Web Sources:
Charles Lindbergh is considered a hero, but
first and foremost he was an Explorer and Adventurer. His most famous
attempt was flying across the Atlantic, but few know his entire
story. He also helped invent and enhance machinery, and had his share
of tragedies. Charles Lindbergh was a man who needed to try new
things and test his limits.
On February 4, 1902, Charles Augustus Lindbergh was born in his
grandfathers house in Detroit, Michigan to Charles Augustus
Sr., and Evangeline Land Lodge. Charles Sr. was elected to congress
in 1906. Charles grew up on a farm near Little Falls, Minnesota where
he formed a special interest in machinery. He understood every part
of his motorcycle and car as he grew older. At age 18, he was
accepted into the University of Wisconsin to study engineering. After
2 years of college, Charles dropped out and decided to be a pilot.
His first piloting job was as a barnstormer; pilots who do dare-devil
tricks at fairs.
he became a flying cadet in the United States Air Reserve, training
at Brooks and Kelly fields near San Antonio, Texas. He graduated with
a pursuit pilots rating and a rank of second lieutenant. The
Robertson Aircraft Corporation of St. Louis hired him as a test
pilot, flying mail from St. Louis to Chicago.
In 1919, after Charles had flown for over 1,500 hours, he decided to
pursue a $25,000 dollar prize from a New York hotel owner named
Raymond B. Orteig. The prize would be won by the person who could fly
non-stop from New York to Paris . By the year 1927, no one had won
the prize. Charles convinced nine businessmen that, with their
funding, he could fly across the Atlantic. The Ryan Aeronautical
Company of San Diego would be the one to build the plane. Lindbergh
helped build the plane, which when finished, he named The Spirit of
St. Louis. To test his new plane, he flew it from San Diego to New
York, with a stop in St. Louis. The flight took him 20 hours and 21
minutes, a new record for the fastest transcontinental flight.
On May 20, 1927, Charles took off from Roosevelt Field in New York
City at 7:52 AM. Due to all the fuel that the plane carried, it
bobbed up and down on the runway before finally taking off. Just
before nightfall, Charles was above St. Johns, Newfoundland. 33½
hours after taking off, At 10 PM, he landed at the Le Bourget Field,
near Paris. At the age of 25, he had performed the greatest piloting
feat in the history of aviation. Crowds of people cheered as the
Spirit of St. Louis landed. He was decorated with countless awards,
received parades, and also received both a Congressional Medal of
Honor and the Distinguished Flying Cross from President Calvin
Coolidge. In 1927, Charles published a book entitled We, referring to
Lindbergh and his plane and his transatlantic flight. He flew
throughout the US to promote the Daniel Guggenheim Fund, an
organization that donated money to Aeronautics. He donated the Spirit
of Saint Louis to the Smithsonian after making goodwill flights over
many countries including Mexico, Central America, and Cuba.
Lindbergh became an airline advisor and, in 1929, married Anne
Marrow, the daughter of the US ambassador to Mexico. He met her in
Mexico during his goodwill ambassadorship. Anne acted as Charles
co-pilot on later expeditions. Anne was also known for her writings
and poetry. In 1931, they explored a northern air route from NY to
China. And in 1937, they surveyed an air route from England to India.
They shared a love of adventure and discovery.
Flying was not the only accomplishment of
Charles Lindbergh. He also contributed some major inventions to
science. He developed the artificial heart and lung, with the help of
Dr. Alexis Carrel. In 1929, he did flyby photographs of Mayan ruins
in the Yucatan Peninsula. He was always looking for new discoveries
and better ways of doing things.
Lindberghs dedication to the love of discovery and invention brought
them great fame and wealth. However all of this fortune did not come
without tragedy for the Lindberghs. Their first child, Charles
Augustus III, born in 1930, was kidnapped when he was twenty months
of age in 1932. After ten weeks of countless ransom and witness
payoffs, he was found dead in the woods. In 1934, Bruno Hauptmann was
tried and convicted of kidnapping and murder and sentenced to death.
He was executed in 1935 after a series of delays, in the electric chair.
In 1935, the Lindberghs moved to England, to
escape the taunts and hassling of the press, people, and paparazzi
due to the execution of Hauptmann and their sons kidnapping and
murder. It was at this time when Nazi /Germany was beginning its
quest of domination over its neighboring countries.
While in Europe, Lindbergh toured Nazi Lufwaffe plants and training
facilities, saying that they were superior to all others. He also
accepted a German Medal of Honor. This outraged the people in England
and America. When the US began to think of entering the war,
Lindbergh publicly opposed it. He said there was no need for America
to get involved. When Pearl Harbor was bombed, he swiftly asked to
rejoin the Air Reserve. But due to his reputation of Nazi
loving, President Roosevelt wouldnt allow it. Instead,
Lindbergh served as a civilian employee in the pacific war zone. He
still ended up flying 50 combat missions and even shooting down an
enemy aircraft. In 1954, he was named a Brigadier General in the Air
Force Reserve because of his longtime service to government agencies.
After the war, Charles Lindbergh became devoted to conservation.
Charles threw his fame and money into trying to help save animals
like the humpback whale and blue whale 25 years before the rest of
the world would realize the need for these animals. Charles Lindbergh
won a Pulitzer prize in 1954 for his autobiographical book The Spirit
of St. Louis. He also published The Wartime Journals of Charles A.
Lindbergh in 1970. Charles Augustus Lindbergh died of cancer his home
in Maui, Hawaii on August 26, 1974, at the age of 72.
Anne Morrow Lindbergh went on to write numerous books such as
North of the Orient, Bring me a Unicorn,
Hour of Gold, and many others.
In conclusion, Lindbergh led an adventurous life of highs and lows.
He became a hero of the people, and then lost his son. He was marked
as a Nazi lover and then honored as an American General.
Having gone through so much tragedy, and attempting so many heroic
and innovative feats before anyone else could imagine, Lindbergh can
truly be seen as an explorer of the human spirit and a hero for the
20th century. Lindbergh was a man who was the first of firsts.
Copyright, 1999, All rights reserved